The study was published March 10 in the European Journal of Endocrinology.
“It has long been a common clinical belief that diabetes increases the risk of S. aureusinfection, but until now this has been supported by scant evidence,” study author Jesper Smit said in a journal news release.
His team also found that the risk of staph bloodstream infection rose with the number of years a person had diabetes. Poor control of diabetes was another factor that upped the infection risk.
The findings suggest that long-term diabetes patients may require closer monitoring for infections, Smit’s team said.
“Poor management of diabetes can lead to an impaired immune response,” he explained. “This may be the reason why diabetes patients are at higher risk of infection. Similarly, diabetic patients often suffer associated illnesses — the burden of multiple health care problems can also increase susceptibility to infection.”